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PostPosted: 12-10-2018 08:19:11    Post subject: legal process that involves proving Reply with quote
BEIJING Nike Air Vapormax White , April 27 (Xinhua) -- Chinese science fiction writer Hao Jingfang was shortlisted for the Hugo Award for her book "Folding Beijing," according to Tsinghua University Nike Air Vapormax 2018 , where she is pursuing her doctorate.


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"So excited to be shortlisted," said Hao on her Sina Weibo microblog. "The story was first published in a new electronic magazine. Didn't expect to have this result."


Hao graduated from the department of physics at Tsinghua University in 2006.


The story follows the protagonist Nike Air Vapormax , Lao Dao, as he tries to navigate the complicated class barriers of a futuristic Beijing in order to send his daughter to school.


"I used to live in suburban Beijing. Near my apartment building there were noisy alleys Air Vapormax Grey , small restaurants and an open-air market," she said. The experience inspired her to write the story.


Hao said she regreted that the second volume of "The Three-Body Problem Air Vapormax Red ," by Liu Cixin, who won the 2015 Hugo Award for Best Novel Air Vapormax Blue , was not shortlisted.


Established in 1953, the Hugo Awards are given annually to the best works of science fiction or fantasy and are seen as the "highest honor bestowed in science fiction and fantasy writing."


Liu Air Vapormax Black , 53, was the first writer in Asia to win the honor.




by Xinhua writers Bai Xu and Wei Mengjia


BEIJING, May 11 (Xinhua) -- In China, there is a book that is as popular as the Bible in the West, and its popularity has persisted for decades.


Last month, the Guinness World Records recognized the Xinhua Dictionary, published by China's Commercial Press, as the "most popular dictionary" and the "best-selling regularly updated book."


Since its first edition came out in 1953, the dictionary had sold 567 million copies globally as of last July.


It was the first dictionary written in Mandarin Chinese, as opposed to the Classical Chinese widely used before the May Fourth Movement in 1919. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, 11 editions of the dictionary have been published. Most, if not all, Chinese people use the reference book in primary school when they start learning Chinese characters.


"Where there are Chinese books, there is the Xinhua Dictionary," said Yu Guilin, director of the Chinese language center of the Commercial Press.


EVOLUTION


The dictionary was first compiled to standardize Mandarin Chinese and aimed to eliminate illiteracy in China. "It has many pictures so people can easily understand," Yu said.


Through rapid economic growth and drastic social change, the dictionary has been revised every five to seven years, he added.


Revision is not easy. In the edition from 1971, when China was in a fanatic drive to eliminate old ways of thinking, customs and traditions, compilers were not sure if words like "your majesty," "monk" and "eunuch" should be retained.


Zhou Enlai, the Chinese premier at the time, told editors that the words should be kept. "A dictionary is a reference book," he said. "Our people need to know history. Historical things should be introduced to them faithfully."


Outdated expressions have been removed, such as "commune" and the "General Line of the Party" -- terms used mainly in the 1960s and 1970s to refer to directives.


New characters and words were added in each revision. Yu said that in the dictionary published in the 1950s there were 8,000 entries, while by the 11th edition the number had risen to 13,000.


Internet buzz words have been also included, such as the suffix "-gate" to denote scandal, as in "Watergate," and "slave," which is defined as "someone who has to work hard to pay off a loan."


For these new terms, editors sometimes have to rack their brains to give a precise explanation. Yu remembers that in 1998, the new character "ju," a kind of hair treatment, was added to the dictionary.


But editors had no idea how to define it correctly. "An editor, Jia Caizhu, visited a hairdresser twice and tried the treatment before they could describe the process properly," Yu said.


Now, on page 254 of the dictionary, the character is defined something like this: "A treatment for hair care and dye by applying cream to the hair, before heating with hot air. The cream is washed off after the hair cools."


As awareness about animal protection has grown, some entries have also changed. Explanations like "the meat is edible" were deleted from entries about certain animals, while editors added information about their protected status.


BY THE READERS, FOR THE READERS


Readers sometimes give suggestions for revisions as well.


"We have a motto: give all people a chance to compile the dictionary," Yu said.


As education has improved over the decades, fewer pictures have appeared in the dictionary, but several still remain, including one of a lotus root.


Compilers once received a letter from a reader named Peng Yun, who said he was from a village in east China's Jiangxi Province. He questioned the picture of lotus root in the 1998 edition of the dictionary.


"Many of us grow lotus in our hometown," he wrote. "After observing for more than ten years, I have never seen three stems from one joint of a root. I have also consulted some older people who agree with me."


An editor went to a pond to check the reader's claim, and the picture was changed for the next edition.


The dictionary was originally a paperback, then switched to a leather binding and, finally, to a hard cover, but its price has always been low.


Some sources claim that to ensure the dictionary is affordable for everyone, its price was set to that of a half kilogram of pork. Yu said he had heard this story, and though the prices are similar, h" Argentina's forward a. Le'Veon Bell Jersey Authentic Lamar Jackson Jersey Authentic Khalil Mack Jersey Authentic Kareem Hunt Jersey Julio Jones Womens Jersey JuJu Smith-Schuster Womens Jersey Jimmy Garoppolo Womens Jersey Jason Witten Youth Jersey Jared Cook Youth Jersey Jalen Ramsey Kids Jersey
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